Dental Crown and Bridge
When you need a Crown?
Tooth that is not possible to be restored with large amalgam may require a crown. Dental crowns can also conceal cracked, discolored, injured, or chipped
teeth. Dental crown can look and feel like natural teeth and
restore function of patient tooth, leaving the teeth
more resistant to injury. Dental crown can be used to
support a tooth that already had alarge filling. It can also be used to align a tooth that is out of
position. There are also
many other reasons for dental crown treatments; most often being
because of insufficient remaining tooth structure like root
canal treatment, large amalgam.
When you need a Bridge?
Dental Bridge can replace your missing teeth. Missing teeth can make you feel a difference when chewing and speaking. Normally, dental brdige crown is comprised of two dental crowns and one pontic in between. Dental bridge is used to replace missing teeth and help maintain the shape of your face, and alleviate the stress in your bite. A fixed bridge replaces missing teeth with artificial teeth, looks great, and literally bridges the gap. Once dental bridge
are cemented, it will be permanently bonded onto surrounding
teeth for support, filling the missing spots where missing teeth used to
be. A bridge, when necessary, offers a great solution for a
strong, natural-looking smile.
Dental Crown and Bridge
It normally takes 2-3 appointments to complete dental crown, the
preparation appointment, the installation appointment and post
The first visit of the dental crown procedure is the
preparation. The tooth will be reduced on all 4 sides plus the top in
order to make space for the crown. This is also when any decay is
removed and filled accordingly. The dentist will take dental impression of the tooth and make a temporary crown. The
impression will be sent to model in dental lab, which take
around a week until the final crown is seated on the 2nd appointment
The 2nd appointment of the dental crown and bridge procedure is for seating the crown and bridge. The temporary tooth will be removed and
the permanent crown and bridge will be fitted onto the tooth instead. This normally involves
some adjustments, and then the crown is cemented onto the tooth.
an impression is made, your crown will be delivered at a second
appointment and permanently bonded.
The 3rd appointment is for exam to make sure patient feel comfortable with new teeth. Minor adjustment as color or shape
can be applied after this.
Dental Crown and Bridge Materials
Dental crown and bridge can
be GOLD, PROCELAIN, or PORCELAIN FUSED TO GOLD/METAL (PFM/PFG)
depending on patient preference.
Because the hardness of gold is close to natural tooth hardness, it does not wear against the opposing tooth. Because PORCELAIN is harder than natural tooth structure, it can wear
down the opposing teeth. Gold crowns also require less
reduction of tooth structure during the dental crown procedure,
which in general is better for the longevity of the tooth.
In the current day of everyone wanting whiter
teeth and looking more natural, gold is esthetically less
acceptable, unless it is in the back of your mouth.
Gold alloy is used when strength is desired and appearance is
not a factor. There are many percentage of gold, like 52% or 87%.
Non precious metal crown is commonly used because it is yje lowest option but it also good in strength aspect. Because it does not contain any precious metal, cost is less. There are two basic
types, one with nickel composition and one
with nickel-free. Some people are concerned that nickel, beryllium,
cobalt, chromium, and palladium may cause immune problems.
ALL PORCELAIN All
Porcelain is used when appearance and wear resistance is the
most concern factor. Porcelain is more fragile than metal and
may be broken easily. Thus, porcelain alone is not normally recommended for dental bridges. As mentioned in the gold crown and bridge above,
once porcelain bridge are completed, the preparation phase
of the crown requires more tooth
structure to be taking out to make more room space for the porcelain and metal replacement
Zirconia (Zirconium Oxide)
Zirconia crown and bridge are like porcelain fused to metal
crown excepting the metal substructure is primarily zirconia.
Zirconia has white appearance rather than a silver or gold appearance. This make it much better in esthetic aspects but it may not be suitable for some posterior teeth that reqyure high stress resistant .
Restoration of dental structures that is strong enough to withstand the forces of chewingby biocompatible materials is one of the most interesting in dentistry market. Recent technology make it possible now. Zirconia is a choice of a material that is esthetic, strong, pure, biocompatible and capable of being used for single and long span bridgewok.
Zircona ceramic primarily
stands out due to its high crack resistance. Crack resistance is
the resistance with which the material counteracts the spreading
of cracks. If a material is stressed, it usually comes to
excessively high tension within a defect area. While metal under
high tension in the area of cracks, plastic deformation appears
and the top of the tension can be reduced by rounding the
cracks. For ceramics missing plastic deformation
possibility the cracks will continue. The unusual feature of
zirconia ceramic in comparison with other ceramics are
that at the appearance of a high tension area a transformation
of the crystal structure can take place. This process is also
accompanied by a volume expansion.
In medical area,
zirconia is used more and more as the material of
choice especially for hip prosthesis. For years there has
existed substantial clinical tests and examinations which
confirm the high quality of zirconia.
ALL PORCELAIN vs PORCELAIN FUSED TO METAL
Like gold, the metal hardness is
closer to that of natural tooth structure, so part of the tooth
can be PORCELAIN (for esthetics) and part of it can be
metal/gold (part that hits the opposing tooth). The metal is
normally an alloy of gold, with the amount of gold and other
metals varying depending on the type of crown.
Crown and Bridge Failures issues
After crown or
bridge is placed, the tooth still needs to be flossed and
brushed, because it is still possible to get cavities under a
There are other
issues that can arise after crown placement.
If you get recurrent decay under the crown/bridge, most
likely the crown will need to be redone.
This means that there is a space between the crown/bridge
and tooth, and is not a good situation. If you have open
margins around any part of the crown, the crown and bridge
should be redone because leaving open margins can leave the
tooth at a higher risk for getting decay. Open margins
around new crowns can cause tooth sensitivity to hot, cold,
air, or sweets.
This is one of the more common reasons of new
crown and bridge. If your bite feels "off" your
dentist probably adjust the crown or bridge to feel
better. Once tooth is contacting prematurely, it can cause
a discomfort feeling , any opposing
tooth, sensitivity to hot&cold temp or biting. Dentist need
check if a patient is having problems with a new
crown or bridge.
If dental crown teeth do not contact the adjacent teeth,
you will likely get food particle in the space. This should be
addressed before dental crown is fully cemented. If not, it may require to redo the crown and bridge,
or do a filling or modify the adjacent tooth.
If porcelain of porcelain fused to metal crown or bridge are fractures, the metal underneath porcelain can
still protect ts tooth. Dental crown and bridge do not need to be replaced, as long as the margins of
the crown are intact. Some people choose to replace their crown
when this happens if esthetic is theirconcern or if
there are open contacts.
are removable replacements for
missing teeth. They are made from
acrylic, stainless steel, and chromium-cobalt, but can be made
of nylon, a gold alloy, or titanium. Most pink-colored acrylics
and vinyls contain cadmium, which is considered toxic and/or
immune reactive. The alternative is to use cadmium-free pink or
clear materials. Metals are used to increase rigidity and
increase retention of the prosthesis in the mouth during
function. If metals are not used, the opposite is true, which is
not desirable from a functional perspective. If your
dentures are well looked after, you will have a very natural
looking smile. Your dentures will also help strengthen
muscles controlling your expressions and you will be free of any
speech problems which were caused by missing teeth. If you've
lost, or are losing, all of your teeth a Complete Denture
replacement could be the perfect solution for you.